- Learn how to prevent and treat the effects of extreme heat (sunstroke and dehydration) and cold (hypothermia).
- Demonstrate different techniques to light a fire.
- Show how to build several different types of fire.
- Demonstrate the correct use of international distress signals using a whistle, torch, mirror or markers.
- Describe some basic actions you can take while waiting to be rescued that will keep you and your group safe, and assist your rescuers in locating you.
- Learn the techniques involved in catching your food, such as fishing or snares. Remember – your leader will want to ensure you’re aware of the law and the issues about inhumanity to animals outside of a real survival situation.
- Learn to identify and source local, edible plants and fruit and the risks involved in eating those incorrectly identified.
- Prepare meat such as rabbit or fish to cook over an open fire and eat.
- Make an item of equipment that will be of use to you on a survival exercise.
- Demonstrate methods of filtering and purifying water.
- Demonstrate methods of finding direction by day or night without a compass.
Finally, with a group of at least three other Explorers, take part in a survival exercise lasting two nights. The group should:
- construct a shelter of natural or salvaged materials and sleep in it
- cook all meals over an open fire
- cook without utensils or aluminium foil (although a knife may be used).
Snaring legislation is dependent on National location, so please ensure you know the relevant laws, best practices and required tags/registrations. Where you are not familiar with snaring practices it may be better to have an expert run this activity with your section. As with all Scouting activities, a thorough risk assessment should take place before carrying out the activity. Further information can be found here and additional information is available for those in Scotland.